Research in Plant Disease 2011;17(3):265-271.
Published online December 30, 2011.
우리나라 화훼류 파이토플라스마병의 특성
정봉남, 정명일, 최국선
 
Characterization of Phytoplasmal Disease Occurred on Floricultural Crops in Korea
Bong Nam Chung, Myeong Il Jeong, Gug Sun Choi
Abstract
Seven phytoplasma diseases have been occurred on floricultural crops in Korea : Ph-ch1 and Ph-ch2 of chrysanthemum, Ph-lily of lily, petunia flat stem-Korean (PFS-K) of petunia, poinsettia branch inducing- Korean (PoiBI-K) of poinsettia, statis witches` broom-Korean (SWB-K) of statis and azalea witches broom (AWB). Classification of the seven phytoplasmal diseases based on 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequences showed that floricultural crop phytoplasma disease were widespread in order of aster yellow (AY), stolbur and X-disease in Korea. In phenotypic characters, the fasciation was occurred in both monocotyledon plant of lily and dicotyledon plants of petunia and poinsettia. Besides, the fascination was occurred in Ph-lily of stolbur, petunia PFS-K of AY and PoiBI-K of X-disease. This result indicated that phytoplasma classification based on 16S rRNA and symptoms are not consistently related. The comparison of 16S rRNA sequence of the seven floricultural crop phytoplasma with five tree phytoplasmal diseases of jujube witches` broom, paulownia witches` broom, wild jujube witches` broom, mulberry dwarf, golden rain phytoplasma occurred in Korea showed as high as 88.5.99.9% homology. Among them, especially mulberry dwarf showed the highest homology with the seven floricultural crop phytoplasms. Based on this result, floricultural crop phytoplasmas were assumed to be transmitted by insect vectors from tree phytoplasmas in Korea.
Key Words: Chrysanthemum, Lily, Petunia, Poinsettia, Statis


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