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Fungal Distribution and Varieties Resistance to Kernel Discoloration in Korean Two-rowed Barley
Res. Plant Dis. 2013;19:183-187
Published online September 30, 2013
© 2013 The Korean Society of Plant Pathology.

Sang-Hyun Shin1, Eun-Jo Seo2, Jae-Seong Choi1, Chun-Sik Kang1, JungKwan Lee3 and Jong-Chul Park1*

1Department of Agricultural Biology, Chonbuk National University, JeonJu 561-756, Korea
2Department of Rice and Winter Cereal Crop, National Institute of Crop Science, Iksan 570-080, Korea
3Department of Applied Biology, Dong-A University, Busan 604-714, Korea
Phone) +82-63-840-2243, Fax) +82-63-840-2116 Email) pacc43@korea.kr
Received April 15, 2013; Revised August 12, 2013; Accepted August 13, 2013.
cc This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
국내 육성 2조 겉보리의 변색 종실의 곰팡이 분포와 품종의 저항성을 조사하였다. 변색 증상은 종실에 붉은색반점, 흑갈색 반점, 타원형의 반점 등이 조사되었다. 이들 변색 종실의 곰팡이를 분리한 결과 Alternaria spp., Fusarium spp., Aspergillus spp., Epicoccum spp.과 Rhizopus spp. 등으로 확인되었다. 수확기에 이들 곰팡이 분포 비율을 조사한 결과 1, 2차년도 조사에서Alternaria spp.이평균 69.1%와 72.2%로 가장 많이 검출되었고, Epicoccum spp., Fusarium spp.와 Aspergillus spp.가 연차 간 차이를 보이며 발생하는 것으로 조사되었다. 특히, 붉은곰팡이병의 주 원인균인 Fusarium spp.은 2011년도에도 거의 발생을 하지 않았으며 2012년에는 4.7%로 적은 발생을 보였다. 품종별 종실 변색에 대한 저항성 정도를 조사하였다. 수확기 전체 품종의 평균 변색율은 19.9?13.2%로 연차 간 6.7%의 차이를 나타내었다. 품종 간 변색율은 1차 년도는 8.0?36.0%, 2차년도에는 5.2?36.6%로 연차 간 변이보다 품종 간 변화가 더 크게 조사되었다. ‘사천 6호’와 ‘다진보리’ 2품종은 연차 간에 큰 변이 없이 6.2?8.8%범위로 안정적인 저항성을 보인 반면, ‘삼도보리’와 ‘대영보리’는 22.2?36.6% 범위로 높은 변색율을 보였다. 그 외, ‘진양보리’, ‘단원보리’, ‘신호보리’, ‘광맥보리’ 등 4품종은 15% 미만의 중도 저항성을 보였다.
Barley kernel discoloration (KD) leads to substantial loss in value through downgrading and discounting of malting barley. The objective of this research is to investigate fungal distribution and varieties resistance to KD in Korean two-rowed barley. Several fungal organisms including Alternaria spp., Fusarium spp., Aspergillus spp., Epicoccum spp. and Rhizopus spp. were isolated from Korean two-rowed barley representing KD. The symptoms of KD were brown and black discolorations of the lemma and palea. The most frequently detected fungal species was Alternaria spp. which exhibited 69.1% and 72.2% in 2011 and 2012, respectively. Epicoccum spp., Fusarium spp., and Aspergillus spp. were also detected. Fusarium spp., primary pathogen of barley head blight, were rarely occurred in the 2011 and their occurrence increased to 4.7% in 2012. Twenty cultivars of Korean two-rowed barely were evaluated to KD. The average percentage of KD was 8.0?36.0% in 2011 and 5.2?36.6% in 2012. Two cultivars (‘Sacheon 6’ and ‘Dajinbori’) showed KD of 6.2% to 8.8% and determined resistant, however ‘Samdobori’ and ‘Daeyeongbori’ demonstrating KD of 22.2?36.6% were highly susceptible. ‘Jinyangbori’, ‘Danwonbori’, ‘Sinhobori’ and ‘Kwangmaegbori’ showing KD of less than 15% were moderately resistant cultivar.
Keywords : Barley, Fungi, Kernel discoloration, Resistance


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