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Beet western yellows virus (BWYV): Aspect of Outbreak and Survey, and First Complete Genome Sequence of a Korea Isolate of BWYV
Res. Plant Dis. 2018;24:276-284
Published online December 31, 2018
© 2018 The Korean Society of Plant Pathology.

Chung Youl Park1,3, Jeong-Sun Kim2, Hong Kyu Lee1, Jonghee Oh1, Seungmo Lim4, Jae Sun Moon4*, and Su-Heon Lee1,5*

1School of Applied Biosciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea
2Agricultural Microbiology Division, National Institute of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administraion, Wanju 55365, Korea
3Present Address: Seed Testing & Research Center, Korea Seed & Variety Service, Gimcheon 39660, Korea
4Plant Systems Engineering Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon 34141, Korea
5Institute of Plant Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea
*J. S. Moon Tel: +82-42-860-4680 Fax: +82-53-860-4489 E-mail:
S.-H. Lee Tel: +82-53-950-5763 Fax: +82-53-950-6758 E-mail:
Received October 8, 2018; Revised October 19, 2018; Accepted October 19, 2018.
cc This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
In 2010, foliar symptoms were observed in the paprika leaves in Jinju city, Korea. Beet western yellows virus (BWYV) was identified in paprika by using the large-scale oligonucleotide chip assay. To investigate the occurrence of BWYV, a survey was performed on various crops, including paprika, from 2011 to 2014. Further, the presence of BWYV was consistently verified through literature survey from 2015 to 2017. BWYV infection has been identified in Solanaceae crops (bell pepper, hot pepper, and paprika), various weeds, and green peach aphids and it occurs on a nationwide scale. Cultivation using organic methods involved natural enemies and showed a high BWYV infection rate, which was more than that for conventional cultivation methods in greenhouse. The complete genome sequence of BWYV isolated from paprika was determined for the first time. The genome of the BWYV-Korea isolate consists of 5750 nucleotides and has six open reading frames. Sequence identity results showed maximum similarity between the BWYV-Korea isolate and the BWYV LS isolate (identity > 90%). This study is the first report of BWYV infecting paprika in Korea. The survey revealed that BWYV is naturalized in the domestic ecology of Korea.
Keywords : Beet western yellows virus, Large-scale oligonucleotide chip, Paprika

December 2018, 24 (4)